Annual Report of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission
1994 News Briefs
A truck accident claimed the life of Gary Steinbach,
a sea lamprey treatment crew leader with the U.S. agent's Marquette station.
Mr. Steinbach, a USFWS employee for over 25 years, was assisting state
and federal personnel from New York and Vermont in a project to control
sea lampreys in Lake Champlain when the accident occurred.
The commission hosted an International Conference
on Lake Trout Restoration in the Laurentian Great Lakes (RESTORE).
Exe. Secretary Bob Beecher returned to the Ontario
Ministry Natural Resources to serve as Director, Great Lakes Branch.
U.S. Advisor Stanley Sivertson of Duluth, Minnesota
passed away. Mr. Sivertson served as advisor for 27 years.
Canadian Section: U.S. Section:
F. William H. Beamish C.D. (Buzz) Besadny, Chair
Gail Beggs, Vice-Chair Charles C. Krueger
Cheryl Fraser Harry H. Whiteley, alternate
Paul Sutherland Vacancy
Sea Lamprey Management and Research
The commission provided funds to support a partnership
between the Canadian Departments of Environment and Fisheries and Oceans
to investigate non-chemical alternatives to control sea lampreys.
Dr. Phil Cochran (St. Norbert College) received funds
to study the interaction between individual lamprey and hosts through the
testing and extension of a lamprey feeding model.
Responding to the commission's request for proposals
for alternative sea lamprey control research, Dr. John Holmes (U of Toronto)
received funds to begin study on predicting metamorphosis in lampreys.
The commission provided Dr. John Kelso (DFO) with funds to study radiotelemetry
of spawning lampreys, and Dr. John Youson (U of Toronto) received funds
to study hormonal and genetic control of metamorphosis.
The commission congratulated the Barrier Task Force
on progress made with the Barrier Strategy and accepted the task force's
draft working strategy document. The strategy was seen as a significant
advance toward implementing an effective and comprehensive alternative
The commission funded the construction of a permanent
sea lamprey trap at Great Lakes Power.
Fishery Management, Environment, and Research
The commission explored and approved (pending agreement
of fishery agencies) the use of TFM to control ruffe.
The commission provided funds to support the Lake
Erie Committee Workshop on Catch-at-Age-Analysis (CAGEAN).
The commission organized a meeting of technical experts
with the Environmental Research Institute in Michigan (ERIM) to pursue
a partnership on behalf of agencies signatory to SGLFMP and allied water
At the request of the Lake Ontario Committee, the
commission endorsed the concept of Lake Ontario ecosystem workshop jointly
sponsored by the Great Lakes Fishery Commission and the International Joint
Commission every 3-5 years.
The commission wrote to Interior Secretary Bruce
Babbitt expressing concern that the Great Lakes were not included in a
NBS list of 11 priority ecosystems for the U.S. A similar letter was sent
to Canada's Environment Minister.
The State of Lake Superior in 1992, edited by M.J.Hansen. (SP 94-1)
An Introduction to Economic Valuation Principles for Fisheries Management,
by L.G. Anderson. (SP 94-2)
Walleye-Rehabilitation Guidelines for the Great Lakes Area, by Colby, Lewis,
Eshenroder, Haas, and Hushak.
Committee Action, Resolutions, and Reports
The Council of Lake Committees established a lake trout management
review task force to review CLC stocking policies and related issues. The
council adopted a resolution on ruffe containment that acknowledged that
TFM might be an effective control agent, and that it supported an experimental
program to determine its effectiveness. The council noted, however, that
if ruffe escaped from the containment area, the experiment would be ended.
The Lake Erie Committee agreed that measures were needed to reduce
mortality of Eastern basin smelt. Agencies should address both reduction
of commercial harvest and predation from introduced salmonines.
The Lake Huron Committee, recognizing the serious damages caused
by sea lampreys from the St. Marys River, strongly urged the parties to
the Convention on Great Lakes Fisheries to provide as a priority the additional
funding required to aggressively advance implementation of a sea lamprey
control strategy for the St. Marys River.
The Lake Michigan Committee formed a yellow perch task group, charging
it to consolidate the available perch data and assess its compatibility,
and to evaluate what the data show about the discreteness of perch stocks.
The committee discussed the advisability of stocking walleye in southern
The Lake Ontario Committee urged all agencies, institutions, and
individuals involved in data collection, surveillance, and assessment to
continue their commitment to such programs and further collaborate in program
design, implementation, and synthesis. The committee reaffirmed the need
for its technical committee to outline requirements to re-establish self-sustaining
populations of bloater and/or deepwater sculpin.
The Lake Superior Committee expressed its concern over the underfunding
of the National Biological Survey, asserting that the Great Lakes comprise
a key ecosystem worth millions of dollars. The committee approved Technical
Committee plans to reconstruct lake trout CPE by units, and to examine
causes for declining lake trout size in Lake Superior.
Board of Technical Experts
The commission and the board sponsored an International Conference on Lake
Trout Restoration in the Laurentian Great Lakes (RESTORE), which was the
culmination of a seven-year lake trout research task. Topics included insights
into other restoration programs, case studies of progress toward restoration
in each of the five lakes, insights into areas with successful lake trout
reproduction, and studies that dealt with potential impediments to restoration.
Great Lakes Fish Disease Control Committee
Sent a questionnaire to members of the private aquaculture sector and discovered
that there was a perception that the committee and other similar regional
fish health policy bodies created regulations which in some way restricted
the activities of private aquaculture.
Recognized a need to request funding from the commission for additional
sources of research for the development of diagnostic tool for epizootic
epitheliotropic disease virus.
Habitat Advisory Board
Wrote to Environment Canada and the U.S. EPA requesting those agencies
consider broadening the scope of LaMPs beyond a plan to deal with critical
pollutants and towards a plan that has an ecosystem approach and which
would recognize resource and habitat management goals and objectives.
Hosted a workshop to explore ways in which lake committees might complement
Environmental Objectives with Fish Community Objectives. Lakes Superior
and Erie were chosen as the "test" lakes.
As outlined in the commission's Strategic Vision, the commission adopted
its communications strategy and agreed to hire a communications specialist
to produce a newsletter, to produce annual reports, to write press releases,
to keep stakeholders and the public educated about the commission's program,
to develop an Internet site, and to serve as a liaison with advisors.
The commission received the following funds from the United States and
Canada (in U.S. dollars):
United States Canada Total
Total $10,558,000 $3,439,203 $13,997,203
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