Huron’s main basin fish community was dominated by lake trout, whitefish
groups, burbot and sculpins Deepwater ciscoes, herring(cisco) and sculpins
served as the primary forage of trout and burbot. The fish community in nearshore waters was more highly varied
and consisted of walleye, suckers, smallmouth and largemouth bass, pike,
muskellunge, sturgeon and catfish. Ninety-two species of fish representing 24
families are on record as having occurred at some time in the lake proper. Of
the 92 species, 77 are thought to be indigenous. There are 18(ruffe,
goby)???? non-indigenous species
including the very destructive sea lamprey. Several species are now either
extinct (or thought to be) including grayling.
|• Heavy commercial exploitation of the fishery
followed by sea lamprey predation and habitat destruction, especially in
tributaries and certain embayments, and exotic species invasions(planned or
unplanned) lead to radical changes
in the fish community by the early 1900’s. The fishery which was largely
commercial then, however, was relatively stable from 1912-1940.
|•The current fish community is still in
transition but is somewhat stable with stocked trout and salmon(replacing
the native lake trout) supported by alewives and smelt (replacing deepwater
chubs and herring). Modest walleye and perch recoveries are continuing.